The Menace of Human Trafficking In Nigeria
Juliana Ebere francis, working with the New Telegraph, did a three-part story that interest us on Morning Crossfire and it is about human trafficking and how it affects us.
At the start of the show Sheriff Quadri encourages anyone who has ever had anything to do with human trafficking to call in and share their experience. Has anyone approached you in a bid to buy or sell human organ parts?
Juliana recounts reasons behind writing the story:
“I was trying to write about women being trafficked to the Middle East. Before, it was all about Italy but the new attraction is Middle East. I was surprised that this even involved Saudi Arabia. I spoke to victims who have gone out. One of them was Bose who went and returned mentally deranged up till now. Because of her condition, NAPTIP could not arrest anybody. She was a Christian who converted to Muslim. She was tied and brought back.
“In the course of doing that story, I met a NAPTIP official who told me that Middle East isn’t the major concern for them right now. Organ harvesting has become an issue they were struggle with. He encouraged that we take a look at India.”
She wrote in her report that some victims were knocked out and when they woke, they discovered surgery marks on their body.
“Human trafficking is all about deceiving people, lying to them, luring them, telling them there’s a job somewhere, there’s something happening somewhere…. Before, there were agents everywhere but now these agents are online. They place fantastic job offers on social media and when victims go there, there would be an agent waiting to link up the supposed employer, who could be the person that is supposed to drug the victim and take the organ. Most times the victims wake to find themselves on the street. The next thing the victims may do is to look for the embassy.”
Morenike explains why many Nigerians leave the shores of Nigeria. “First of all, it is ignorance and not just about poverty. People believe the grass is greener on the other side. People believe that the financial problems that they have can only be solved if they go out of Nigeria. They also feel that people who live abroad are those who have made it.”
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime considers modern human trafficking as modern day slavery. Many women and children are forcefully or fraudulently recruited, transported, and harbored for sexual or labor exploitations. These victims are usually made to provide sex under threats and without consent. They are also used as laborers or as domestic helps.
A July 2018 research findings by Global Slavery Index indicate that there are about 40.3 million victims of modern slavery worldwide. 71% of these trafficked persons are women and girls while 25% are children.
Also, the United Nations' Office on Drugs and Crime, in its 2019 report, estimates that the number of children involved in slavery constitute about one-third of all global victims.
Statistics of Human Trafficking in Nigeria are as follows
Research reveals that Nigeria remains a source, transit means, and destination country, for human trafficking.
According to a 2018 Global Slavery Index Report, Nigeria ranks 32/167 of the countries with the highest number of slaves – 1,386,000.
Nigeria's National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons reports that the average age of trafficked children in Nigeria is 15. NAPTIP reveals that 75% of those who are trafficked within Nigeria are trafficked across states, while 23% are trafficked within states.
A 2016 report by NAPTIP Nigeria reveals that only 2% of those who are trafficked are trafficked outside the country.
Reports from UNESCO reveals that human trafficking is the 3rd most common crime in Nigeria after drug trafficking and economic fraud.
According to a Former Nigerian Permanent Representative to the United Nations Uhomoibhi, he said in 2016 alone, 602,000 Nigerians endeavored to migrate to Europe via the Sahara Desert. The total number of human trafficking victims outside of Nigeria is largely unknown. 27,000 of these migrants died en route. Among those who perished on the journey, 68% were Nigerian university graduates.
According to the United Nations’ International Organization for Migration (IOM), it has registered more than 400,000 Nigerian migrants in Libya.
According to IOM as of July 2018, over 60,000 Nigerians remain trapped in Libya, with 50% of them hailing from Edo State.
Watch and comment below
Mrs. Morenike Omaiboje - Director of Programmes, Women Consortium of Nigeria
Rotimi Sankore – Data Analyst & In-House Guest
Juliana Ebere francis – Writer, New Telegraph
By Jude Chukwuemeka