Human Rights Day 2019
By Jude Chukwuemeka
A report done by Freedom House, a US government funded non-governmental (NGO) which conducted research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom and human rights says that Nigeria is partly free. Sheriff Quadry mentions this as intro to the show, Morning Crossfire.
The report gives the following ratings
Freedom Score = 50/100
Freedom Rating = 4/7
Political Rights = 3/7
Civil Liberty = 5/7
The conclusion is that Nigeria is partly free, on the average. Nigeria ranks 132 world freedom index. That has the country’s personal freedom index at 5.82, economic freedom index of 6.82, and human rights freedom index of 6.07, which Sheriff thinks is not bad at all.
Wemimo Adewuni tells an interesting story: A village was expecting celebrities from another village. The village that was expecting decided to contribute for food and palmwine. They put a large drum at the center of the market and made it mandatory that everyone come to the drum at their own convenient time and pour the palmwine in their possession into that drum each day. The plan was to have enough wine go round before the day of the party.
Villagers kept pouring their wine day after day. There was a lot of dance on the day that the celebrities from the other village arrived. Everyone was excited. Food was served and it was time for the wine to be served. People started asking; "where is the wine?"
Out came the wine; It was nothing but water! It wasn’t like the miracle of water transformed to wine. Every villager thought if he or she puts water, no one would notice, since everyone else poured wine inside the big drum. Since everyone had the same line of thought, the result was disaster.
Lesson: Wemimo says that’s the same scenario that we find ourselves in Nigeria. Everyone has something to put in the growth and development of this country. So, she says Nigerians should think of the words ‘Human Rights Day’ in the spirit of the speech of ninth Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, which is played back during the show.
Guterres emphasized the rights of youths to quality education and the need to equip youths to achieve their own rights to freedom and to enable them to look further to a brighter future.
Nigeria Info FM 99.3 also put up a documentary on human rights and this too is played in audio form during the show. The documentary states the challenges to achieve total human rights in Nigeria in spite of the fact that the constitution guarantees it.
The show hosts highlight some of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and the security of person.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
What are Nigerians saying about human rights in the country?
HUMAN RIGHTS DAY 2019
Morning Crossfire with Wemimo Adewuni (@wemimospot) & Sheriff Quadry (@SheriffQuadry)