Cooking Gas and Domestic Fires
By Jude Chukwuemeka
S. O. Ogunrinde - Western Chairman, National Association of Liquified Petroleum Gas Marketers
Bassey Essien - Executive Secretary of Nigerian Association of LPG Marketers
Amodu Shakiru - Lagos Fire Service
In November 2018, Guardian newspapers reported that the Federal Government “intends to reach 20 million Nigerian households” through its ‘Upgrade to Gas’ Campaign.
The 2018 report also revealed that "three million” people were using Liquefied Petroleum Gas LPG in their homes. As of 2018, “the Federal Government was taking drastic measures to ensure each household in the country can afford, and have adequate quantity of cooking gas it needs.”
The Programme Manager, National Liquefied Petroleum Gas Expansion Implementation Plan, Office of the VP, Dayo Adeshina said the LPG industry had grown by over 1,000 per cent between 2007 and 2017. He also said that in December 2017 only 1.8 million had adopted the use of LPG in their homes.
Research has shown that cooking gas is good and cost effective. How about the inherent dangers associated with it?
In recent times, incident of explosions from LPG have dominated the news space. Also, of increasing concerns are gas explosions of the domestic kind. Incessant domestic gas explosions as a result of leaking cylinders are on the rise across the country.
Furthermore, there have been cases of gas explosion in Lagos state which now appear to be continually recurring.
On the 4th of December, Wemimo reports, the Nation newspapers reported that no fewer than three persons were injured in the gas explosion that occurred at Four Point by Sheraton Hotel, Oniru Victoria Island, Lagos.
One of the challenges reportedly facing the growing market for LPG is the rate of cylinder explosions posing a threat to many homes.
S. O. Ogunrinde tells us about the source of cooking gas, also known as LPG. “Cooking gas is produced in Nigeria. But before this time, a lot of what is being produced in Nigeria were shipped abroad because the consumption level was low in Nigeria. In 2007, LPG marketers made a lot of concession to have cooking gas in Nigeria because prior to that, there had been incessant shortages. People had to go to neigbouring countries. The reason for the shortage was that a joint-venture agreement made it mandatory for most gas produced in Nigeria to be shipped abroad.
“Thereafter, government demanded that 150,000 metric tons be made available for local consumption. It was the beginning of success and many households started using gas. NLNG has of recent been supplying gas in Port Harcourt.”
Bassey Essien explained why the gas suppliers in Nigeria can’t do it through pipes. He said that although NLNG has vessels that move through the waters, they can’t move through shallow waters. The large vessels may be in the high seas, while the baby vessels ply through the shallow waters.
“The important point to know is that even the ones imported come into the country through vessels. But in the country, it is possible. If petroleum products could be moved by pipes, then gas can also be moved that way. That may not be something that happens immediately because now we are looking at how to save costs.”
On the probability of not having to buy gas from cylinder to cylinder, and the safety of buying from gas shops, Essien believes it is safe. What about those that don’t have shops? Sheriff asks.
“Ideally, every gas filling shop that is open, it should have its own license. But some of them become branches. These branches are without licenses.”
It is on the subject of documentation that Amodu Shakiru speaks. To set up a gas-filling shop, one needs a DPR documentation. Next is the police certification, the fire service certification, environmental certification, and in some case an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) may be needed.
“In the fire service,” says Shakiru, “you must have these documentations before you approach us for approval. Before we approve, we make sure we visit that environment in which the shop will be.
On Morning Crossfire, the following questions came to the fore: How more can Nigerians cook safe with gas at home? Find answers to this and more frequently asked gas usage questions. Scroll down to view the program.
Cooking Gas and Domestic Fires
Morning Crossfire with Wemimo Adewuni (@wemimospot) & Sheriff Quadry (@SheriffQuadry)